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【英国汉语助教】How to Begin Your First Mandarin Lesson  

2010-02-21 13:30:04|  分类: 对外汉语实践 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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First I would like to say I really enjoyed my staying in the UK and had a wonderful experience there.    I worked in the Ferrers School and Huxlow School in Northampton. This is their first year to have a Mandarin language assistant and of course this is my first time to be there. As everything is new, there is always some difficulty for the language assistants to begin their jobs, especially their first lessons. After the ten-month trying and working, I have got some ideas about how to begin the first lesson. I practised it and it proved to be successful. Hopefully it can be useful for the language assistants of next group.

Pre-lesson preparations:

1.You had better get a name list of your students at least one day before my lesson and give them their Chinese names both in Pinyin and Chinese Characters. When you think of their Chinese names, you can consider their English names’ pronunciation and then give the Chinese names with good meaning such as ‘fu’(good luck), ‘li’(beautiful), ‘di’(emperor), ‘wang’(king), ‘long’(dragon), ‘kang’(healthy), ‘hua’(flower). They really like these.

2.Get some notebooks for the students. (one for each, you can ask head of the department for them)

3.Write down their English name and Chinese name (Pinyin and Characters) on a sticky slip and stick them on the cover of their Mandarin lesson notebooks.

4.Bring a map of China and some postcards of the Great Wall with you to the lesson

5.You can be dressed in a traditional Chinese way, but if you haven’t got that kind of dress, it doesn’t matter. It’s not much necessary.

Organizing the lesson:

Usually one period of the lesson lasts about 50 or 45 minutes, it may vary in different schools. I divide the time as follows:

Step one: Introduction of myself----5 minutes

Step two: Questions time---20 minutes

Step three: Your New Chinese Name----14 minutes

Step four: Registration in Chinese---4 minutes

Step five: choosing a monitor---4 minutes

Step six: dismiss the students

Carrying on the lesson:

Step one: Introduction

1.Usually someone else will introduce you to your group, but you’d better write down your name on the board both in Pinyin and Chinese characters.

2.Explain which is your family name and which is your given name. Usually the students will ask you how you would like them to address you. It’s up to you. I prefer them to call my first name. It helps you to get close to them.

Step two: Questions time

1.Make sure that the students have to put up their hand first before they ask the questions. The first lesson’s discipline and rules setting up is very important for the later on ones. And also try to give everyone a chance to ask the questions.

2.You yourself had better get as much information as possible about China beforehand.    You can bring some books about China and Chinese culture and traditions with you to the UK, which is really useful.

3.According to my experience, the frequently-asked questions are about:

a.China’s size, population or some big cities, such as Beijing and Shanghai (you can show them the map and ask them to guess and compare it to UK’s or European size and population.)

b.The Great Wall (length, width, when built, how long did it take to build, how long does it take to walk through it, etc)

c.Chinese festivals, Chinese New Year (when this or next year)

d.Chinese food

e.Chinese Gongfu (Martial Arts), some Chinese Gongfu stars, such as Bruce Li, Jackie Chen

f.Chinese students’ school life (when to begin and finish lesson, Chinese students’ behaviours in lessons, after school life, how old to go to school, when to learn English and they are very interested in Chinese schools’ morning exercise, student monitor…)

g.Chinese Zodiac (what’s the zodiac of this or next year, personality to do with the animals…, but you can have a special lessons about this later on)

h.Chinese language, Mandarin, Chinese dialects

i. Chinese calligraphy

j.Chinese family (one-child policy…)

Step three: Chinese names

1.Hand out the Mandarin lesson notebooks with both their English and Chinese names on it to the students. When you give each book to the student, explain the meaning of each Chinese word and also tell them it is formed in Chinese way (Family name first, given name next) and also it’s a good opportunity to get familiar with each student.

2.Remind the students they also had better know the others’ Chinese names as well as his own.

3.When you finish, you can give them 2 or 3 minutes to practise writing their own names on the first page of the notebook and practise the pronunciation.

Step four: Registration

1.Teach the students the word ‘dao’ (means ‘here I am’) so that you can do the registration in a Chinese way.

2.Do the registration. You call the students’ Chinese names and they should say ‘dao’ instead of ‘yes, Miss’ or ‘Yes, Sir’.

3.If some students are still not sure how their names’ are pronounced, you can help them again this time.

Step five: Choosing a monitor

1.First explain what kind of responsibilities a monitor should undertake, e.g. he should be a model student, organize the class into the classroom quietly, organize the students to take turns to clean the blackboard before and after every Mandarin lesson, he should say ‘qi li (means ‘stand up’) at the beginning and end of every lesson.

2.The students can volunteer to be monitor. But if there are several candidates, you can organize them to take turns to do the job or to give a little competition speech and then decide.

3.If you still have time, you can teach the students how to say ‘good morning teacher’, ‘goodbye teacher’ ‘stand up’ and then practise how to begin or end a lesson in the Chinese way. You needn’t expect too much about this, as you will practise this the next day or even every day later on in your lesson.

Step six: dismiss the students

1.Always leave 2 or 3 minutes left for you to end the lesson and dismiss the students. This is the last but not the least important step for your lesson.

2.First appoint one student of each line or row to collect the notebooks and the other students pack their things.

3.Then organize the students leave one group after another.

At last, good luck to everyone! Enjoy your life in the UK and enjoy your teaching!



Jiang Yanfu

Beijing No.12 Middle School

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